Cook-Greuter (1994) classified this new nine line of values regarding Loevinger’s model on three hierarchical categories: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional accounts (select Dining table step 1). The newest preconventional amount is actually projected in order to create 10% of the human population and tend to be described as Symbiotic, Stage step one; Spontaneous, Phase dos; and you can Mind-protective, Phase step three. Such levels are normal during the teens, however, if not evolved past, is generally on the psychopathology within the adulthood (Pfaffenberger and ). The standard amount, projected in order to form from the 80% of your own human population, try known as Conformist, Stage cuatro; Self-Aware, Stage 5; and you may Thorough, Stage 6. These profile show a shift generally speaking occurring after age 12 when the individual gets capable of consuming another’s perspective and you may grows a distinctly broke up label and you will notice-contains incorporated program (Akrivou 2008). The fresh new postconventional degrees is actually projected to make-up regarding the ten% of one’s United states population and generally are also known as Individualistic, Phase 7; Independent, Stage 8; and build-alert, Stage 9. For the postconventional levels, the individual provides better differentiation of one’s thinking and shows greater psychological combination, self-actualization, understanding, and you will the means to access instinct (Cook-Greuter 2000). Predicated on Plan-Greuter (1999) there is a 10th stage out-of creativity, Unitive, in which somebody is sustain a continuing openness to experience where transpersonal skills is actually included in a fluid condition of being.
New Enneagram and you can Ego Advancement
Loevinger’s (1976) pride development design brings a useful design for computing ego innovation regarding Enneagram system. Developmental trajectories is after that available for for every single Enneagram types of to follow along with to experience large degrees of ego creativity. The changes for the worldview into the high levels of growth in the brand new Enneagram are consistent with the conclusion out of higher developmental accounts in this Loevinger’s model (Humdrum 2010; Loevinger 1976; Cook-Greuter 2002; Maslow 1964). Higher membership was marked by increased sense, sympathy, much less character with ego (Cook-Greuter 2002; Jaxon-Bear 2012; Loevinger 1976). Books shows that mental health and you may pride development try interconnected, that have self-confident correlations anywhere between creativity and dispositional optimism and you will care about-value, and you may bad correlations which have affective stress, depression, and you can nervousness (Blumentritt 2011; Queen ainsi que al. 2000; Noam et al. 2006). At some point, development causes notice-actualization and you can care about-transcendence/unity given that described on buildings out of both Loevinger (1976) and you may Maslow (1976).
The latest Enneagram of 9 Versions
The Enneagram was an identity program out-of 9 type of type-certain paths getting innovation along the lifespan (Humdrum 2010; Daniels and Price 2009; Sutton 2012). Of many scientists keeps showcased this new Enneagram system’s the thing is that compared to that off other modern-day mental ideas eg humanistic, psychodynamic, ental psychologies together with field of neuroscience (Beesing ainsi que al. 1984; Daniels and you can Price 2009; Naranjo 1990, 1994; Palmer 1988, 1995; Riso and you may Hudson 1999, 2005; Siegel 2004, 2010; Tolk 2006; Wagner 2008). More books and you will articles examining the application of new Enneagram program come heated affairs profiles in the realm of personal growth and development. More recently, the brand new Enneagram is continuing to grow into the section of organizational innovation. Regarding really works function it’s been put since a hack to have team building and you can facilitating even more good organizations (Dull 2010; Colina 1998; Kale and you can Shrivastava 2003; Ormond 2007).
Due to the fact an extensive personality system, the newest Enneagram products represent 9 basic patterns (Table 2). During the Enneagram system these types of interwoven patterns is actually explained when it comes of your own type’s type of perceptual filters one to form the basic Proposition (Daniels and you may Speed 2009). The fundamental Proposal means the latest intersection regarding: (a) core viewpoints; (b) transformative steps; (c) models out-of interest; and you may (d) operating emotions. For the growth of each kind, the full range of individual potential can be done from course of a lifetime (Fantastically dull 2010).